Hyperlipidemia is a medical term used by doctors to indicate a high level of fats including cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. High cholesterol is often the general term used to indicate hyperlipidemia and is a common problem faced by most people across the world. Around 94 million people above 20 years in the US are suffering from hyperlipidemia.
Hyperlipidemia can be inherited from parents to their offspring, but it mostly results from a sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet. Although hyperlipidemia is treatable, it is often found to remain with you life-long. A few medications and lifestyle changes are found to be helpful in managing hyperlipidemia. Untreated hyperlipidemia increases your chances of getting a heart attack, stroke and other chronic health conditions.
What Is Cholesterol?
It is a waxy substance that is made up of your liver and travels through your bloodstream by adhering to the proteins known as lipoproteins. Based on the type of lipoproteins, the cholesterol can be of the following two types :
- LDL or bad cholesterol accumulates on your artery walls, making them harder and narrower.
- HDL or good cholesterol that removes the extra bad cholesterol from your arteries to your liver.
High cholesterol in your blood gets deposited on your artery walls, making them narrower and stiffer than normal. As a result, it restricts the blood supply giving rise to chronic health conditions like heart disease, heart attack, stroke and other severe health problems.
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Causes And Risk Factors Of Hyperlipidemia
Hyperlipidemia, which is often characterized by high cholesterol, can result from a few lifestyle choices, certain medications, and underlying health conditions.
Lifestyle Causes Of Hyperlipidemia
A few unhealthy lifestyle choices can lead to a rise in the level of bad cholesterol and lowering of good cholesterol. Following are some lifestyle factors that can lead to hyperlipidemia:
- An unhealthy and imbalanced diet
- Lack of physical activity
- Excess body weight
- Heavy alcohol intake
Underlying Health Conditions That Can Lead To Hyperlipidemia
Certain health problems can give rise to hyperlipidemia and may include:
- High blood pressure
- Kidney disease
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Liver disease
- Thyroid problems
Sometimes a pregnancy may also lead to hyperlipidemia.
Medications Leading To Hyperlipidemia
Certain medications can also affect your blood cholesterol levels like:
- Birth control pills
- Antiretrovirals used for the treatment of HIV
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Also, increased age and genetic inheritance can increase your chances of getting hyperlipidemia.
Symptoms Of Hyperlipidemia
Usually, hyperlipidemia doesn’t show any symptoms at the beginning until the disease reaches the advanced stage. One may experience the following symptoms due to high cholesterol:
High Blood Pressure
Fats including cholesterol and triglycerides may build up in your artery walls, making them narrower and stiffer than normal, thus restricting the blood supply, which may lead to rising in your blood pressure.
The buildup of cholesterol that restricts the blood flow can lead to blood clots, which can be lethal if it reaches your brain, causing a stroke.
The clot thus formed due to restricted blood supply may travel to your heart and can lead to a heart attack.
Although there are medications available to treat heart conditions, these medicines may interact with pills like vidalista 60 which can worsen the situation.
Vidalista 60 is a PDE5 inhibitor which when taken along with nitrates or any other medicines used to treat heart conditions can lead to sudden lowering of blood pressure causing dizziness and fatigue. Hence inform your doctor before taking pills like vidalista 60 if you are suffering from heart problems.
Treatment Of Hyperlipidemia
Most doctors consider lifestyle changes as the first line of treatment for hyperlipidemia. However, the doctors may prescribe a few medications along with lifestyle changes to ease the symptoms and reduce the risk associated with hyperlipidemia.
Lifestyle changes help reduce the excess body weight and support the blood flow, which helps overcome the symptoms and reduce the risk of the complications associated with hyperlipidemia. Following are some effective lifestyle changes that aid in the treatment:
- Having a healthy diet rich in fiber, omega 3 fatty acids, and low in trans and saturated fats. Avoid the intake of sugary foods and drinks. Also, avoid taking processed food items and fried meat.
- Exercise daily
- Quit smoking
- Avoid alcohol intake
- Manage blood pressure and blood sugar
- Visit doctor for regular checkups
If the above lifestyle changes aren’t enough for treating hyperlipidemia, your doctor may prescribe the following medicines to treat the condition:
Statins are generally prescribed to lower the level of cholesterol and triglycerides. Commonly prescribed statins are atorvastatin, lovastatin, fluvastatin, etc. If statins don’t found to be effective in your case then your doctor will prescribe the following medicines based on your condition:
- Bile-acid-binding resins like cholestyramine, colesevelam, collection, etc.
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors like ezetimibe
- Intravenous alternatives to statins like alirocumab
- Omega-3 fatty acid supplements
- Other cholesterol-lowering supplements
Hyperlipidemia is a common health problem faced by most people across the globe. People suffering from hyperlipidemia are at higher risk of developing chronic health issues which can be life-threatening. However, hyperlipidemia can be treated, and complications can be avoided. Lifestyle modifications are often considered effective in treating hyperlipidemia. However, a few medicines can also aid in the treatment procedure.