Baldness is the cause of the anxiety of many. And if the loss of hair on the legs in men is sometimes left unattended, then the appearance of signs of the disease on the head causes suffering. Alopecia (lat. Alopecia “baldness”) is a serious problem. It has reasons, first signals and obvious signs.
SIGNS OF HAIR LOSS
Everyone’s hair falls out. This nature has ordered – about 100 hairs leave the head every day to make way for young hairs. The amount of lost and new hair in a healthy person is approximately equal. If there are significantly more lost, it’s time to see a trichologist.
But the body gives alarming signals before a lot of lost hair constantly appears in your hands, on a comb, clothes, back of a chair. Balding does not start with smooth patches on the head. The first signs are hair thinning, roots weakening, growth slowing down. The most vulnerable spots are the growth line, the area of the temples. Damaged hair loses pigment, which can result in colour irregularities. It would help if you also were wary when itching, peeling of the scalp appears.
REASONS FOR LOSS
Trichologists name about 600 causes of alopecia. You will focus on the most important 11. But they rarely act alone. Baldness is usually the result of several adverse factors.
The susceptibility of hair follicles to changes in the body, external factors are laid down at the genetic level. Approximately 80% of bald men inherit the gene from their parents. The next are the causes of the androgenetic type of the disease.
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2. HORMONAL CHANGES
Throughout life, the level of hormones in the blood fluctuates – bursts, age-related changes. Puberty can cause teen hair to fall out. Their greasiness increases, they become thinner, growth slows down. Once the hormones are stabilized, the hairstyle returns to its former attractiveness.
3. AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES
The causes of the focal type of alopecia are autoimmune diseases of the connective tissues (lupus, scleroderma) and other disorders of the immune system. Hair loss often increases with thyroiditis – the body’s struggle with its thyroid gland.
The following seven factors can be the causes of total signs of balding.
4. ENDOCRINE DISEASES
Endocrinologists attribute baldness to secondary symptoms of diabetes mellitus (both types). Violation of the rate of metabolic processes in the body is the cause of insufficient nutrition of the hair follicles. Hence – the thinning and surrender of the hair. Their increased loss is observed with hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism.
5. INFECTIONS AND CHRONIC DISEASES
Intoxication of the body in the event of infections and exacerbating chronic diseases is a good ground for developing alopecia—influenza, pneumonia, malaria, syphilis, HIV. With any disease, the hair follicles are affected, and behind them is the hairstyle.
6. ONCOLOGICAL DISEASES
Oncology requires surgery and chemotherapy. Baldness is a natural response to a powerful drug attack against cancer cells. But hair growth after chemotherapy can be restored.
7. TAKING MEDICINES
Medications of the various spectrum – retinoids, β-blockers, anticoagulants, antibiotics, anticonvulsants, diuretics – can cause hair thinning. Moreover, from some funds (for example, from anticoagulants), the loss process can begin after a few months.
8. INCORRECT FOOD
The regimen and composition of food must be monitored. An unbalanced diet and a lack of vitamins and minerals directly lead to dull strands falling out. A plus is a decrease in immunity. Various diseases are superimposed, which also provoke baldness.
9. HARMFUL HABITS
The abuse of “adult” drinks and cigarettes deprives the body of some vitamins and has a destructive effect on a person’s immune system and psychological state. Hair on such a head does not want to grow.
10. POOR ECOLOGY
Polluted air, extreme levels of radiation, poorly purified water affect the health of the body. And then the classic chain: some diseases attract others, including alopecia.
11. HEAD INJURIES AND BURNS
A scar that appears at the site of damage to the connective tissue prevents hair from growing. Treatment most often requires the participation of surgeons.
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