Cybersecurity is a very real problem that device owners are facing nowadays. Everybody individuals, business organisations and each stakeholder associated with devices are facing such problems and this is mainly because of the widespread usage of technology and reliance on connectivity. Since the inception of the internet, different kinds of security risks have come and gone and severity will always range from the minor to the devastating and also depends upon different kinds of factors. Hence, the following is the comprehensive list of different types of cyber attacks along with prevention tips associated with them so that they can be perfectly stopped:
- Malware:This is the very basic and most common security threat and since the inception of the internet it has been continuing to remain a consistent problem. Malware is the piece of unwanted programming or software that installs itself on the target system and cause unusual behaviour on the system. So, a very basic tip to be followed by the concerned people in this process is to adopt the best possible approach for best defence and some of the common sense dictate users will always utilise the anti-malware programs installed into their systems so that the right kind of things is perfectly implemented.
- Password theft: Another very common problem which people are facing nowadays is password theft and in all such cases the third party steals and guesses the password which can cause issues with the information on the devices of the people. It is very much worse for enterprises because it can lead to a lot of loss of sensitive data. There are several kinds of reasons for losing a password and to get rid of this problem the organisation needs to indulge in the implementation of two-factor authentication which is a very robust protection method and requires additional devices to complete the login systems.
- Traffic interception: This particular type of problem leads to a loss of information for the organisations and this particular type of information stolen will always vary upon traffic and can lead to miss using the valuable data. So, to avoid all these kinds of issues it is very important on the behalf of organisations to avoid the compromised websites because it is a very excellent proactive defence. Encrypting the whole network traffic through the VPN is another preventive method that can be implemented perfectly.
- DDoS: It refers to the distributed denial of service and this is a very basic attack method in which the malicious parties will be targeting different kinds of servers and will be overloading them with user traffic. When a server will be unable to handle these kinds of incoming requests the website will shut down and will lead to very slow performance. So, to stop this particular issue it is very important to identify the malicious traffic. The servers need to be paid attention to in the form of maintenance so that these kinds of issues can be easily avoided.
- Cross-site attack: This is another very common threat that is prevailing nowadays and once the targeted code reaches the website it can lead to a lot of issues and can cause unwanted behaviour. The very basic goal of this concept is to disrupt the standard services or steal the user information. Hence, to avoid this particular issue encryption is the very basic idea so that turn off pages scripts can be perfectly implemented and payload from activating can be prevented. The users can also install different kinds of prescription blocker add-ons if they are interested in prefer additional browsing control.
- Zero-day exploits: This particular exploitation is basically targeting against the systems, networks and software and can take the advantage of overlooked security problems which can lead to unusual behaviour in the organisations. It can even cause damage to the data and can even steal the information. So, stopping the exploits is a very great challenge and for all these kind of things, the users need to maintain good safety habits until a specific kind of fix has been released for all these kinds of things.
- SQL injection: The SQL attack will be directly linked with issues in the system and will be implemented to access the information which is not meant to be easily available. Hence, retrieving sensitive information will become difficult if people are not paying proper attention to the right kind of things. So, the implementation of a smart firewall is one of the best prevention methods that will help in detecting and filtering out unwanted requests and will make sure that the most effective things will be perfectly implemented.
- Social engineering: Social engineering is the umbrella method for attempting to deceive the users by giving away sensitive details and this can occur on any of the platforms where the malicious parties will go to great lengths to accomplish their overall goals. Hence, remaining sceptical of the suspicious messages, emails and attempts to collect user information is the best possible way of getting rid of this particular problem and ensure that people are never victims of such issues.
- Cryptojacking: Cryptojacking is an attempt of installing malware that will force the infection into the system and will lead to the performance of crypto mining which is a very popular method of gaining access to cryptocurrency. It can very easily infect unprotected systems and once employed it can lead to different kinds of issues with the hardware as well. So, to get rid of this particular problem it is the responsibility of everybody to keep all the security applications and software up-to-date and ensure that firmware on smart devices has been perfectly implemented so that there is no issue with the unprotected systems.
These kinds of cyberattacks will normally grow in terms of complexity but understanding the whole concept of defence in the network is very much important so that people can indulge in the implementation of the right things and can give cybersecurity a great boost.