In addition to this regular check-up, certain hygiene measures must be taken to keep your pet in good health: even if cats are clean animals by nature, they may need additional care.
How to examine your cat?
Cats are known for not always being very docile… For this reason, it is better to take them by the feelings and take advantage of a cuddling session with your cat to check the state of his eyes and ears. Regularly check that the corner of the eyes is not clogged with crusts or does not ooze and that their outline does not present depilation which could be a sign of the presence of parasites.
Observe the outside and inside of the ears: if they have bark or sores, they should be disinfected and the evolution should be monitored. If the earlobe has a waxy appearance, it should be gently cleaned with a cotton ball, and the ear canal can be cleaned with a special device to prevent the accumulation of dirt in the ear. If your cat releases it, gently lift its teeth and lips to check the color and appearance of the tooth line.
Eye hygiene in cats
The cat may not be able to properly clean the corners of its eyes on its own, and the accumulation of tears and foreign bodies may then form crusts or impurities. If this is the case, take a clean cotton ball soaked in lukewarm water or saline to gently wipe the corners of the eyes, always making an outward movement so as not to bring back dirt or bacteria in the eyes. Repeat the operation as many times as necessary, using a new cotton pad each time until both eyes are clear.
Cat ear hygiene
A cotton ball soaked in cider vinegar diluted in a little warm water is a gentle and effective method for removing excess earwax from the pinna. Gently wipe the inside of the ear, taking care not to spill any liquid into the canal (the cotton should be slightly soaked, otherwise it is best to wring it out). You can also use an ear cat hygiene product sold at the veterinarian or pharmacy. Be careful, however, not to clean your cat’s ears too often, you could weaken the natural protective barriers and increase the risk of ear infections.
A weekly check is advised, but cleaning does not need to be routine unless you observe heavy dirt or excess earwax. Pay particular attention to the folds of the cartilage which can accumulate impurities, but never use a cotton swab because they pack the dirt and a false movement could hurt your cat.
Cut your cat’s claws
This operation can be tricky for the cat who, once again, will not necessarily be very inclined to let things go. It is therefore strongly recommended to accustom him from an early age to being handled. If you encounter difficulties, ask your veterinarian for advice, who will be able to show you how to trim your pet’s claws without hurting it. It is not a question of cutting, but rather of blunting the tips of the nails when they are too long and too sharp while taking care not to reach the pink part which is crossed by small vessels. Once your cat is immobilized, press gently on each finger to release the claws one by one. It is best to use a specific claw clipper sold in pet stores or in animal accessory departments. Normally, the size of the claws is reserved for the cats in apartments that do not have the occasion to wear their claws naturally. To limit this inconvenience, offer a scratching post to your tomcat.
Examine the cat’s teeth
Looking into his cat’s mouth can be tedious at first, but with practice, he’ll get used to it and let it go. It is advisable to check the condition of the teeth and gums two to three times a month, in order to detect the appearance of tartar or the accumulation of waste that can be responsible for bad breath and pain, or even gum infections. . If you observe a point of blood above a tooth, a yellowish color at the base of the teeth or any other suspicious sign, consult the veterinarian fairly quickly.
To maintain the teeth of the cat, it is possible to brush them but one can also use special foods to fight against dental plaque. If your cat eats mash, also give him kibble because it helps clean his teeth. Have your pet’s teeth checked regularly and remember to report any anomaly or change in behavior to the veterinarian: loss of appetite, reluctance to eat, etc.
Decorate the opportunity to strengthen the bond with your cat and check the condition of its skin and coat. Make sure they have no spots, sores, or depilation and that insects (fleas, ticks) did not live there. Brushing is especially important during molting, in the spring. So daily brushing is recommended for long-haired breeds and every two days for short-haired cats.
Apply a layer of curry once a week and brush the bristle daily if your cat is sick. With the exception of the year, the weekly wash is enough for short coats. In addition to preventing the formation of knots and the accumulation of hair in the digestive tract, regular maintenance of the coat helps to keep it strong and shiny. And again, the massaging action of the brush helps your cat.