Types of AI

A few years back did you ever think of a driverless car running in roads real-time, or any machine answering your questions within a few seconds, or any speaker that can play songs for you with your voice commands, or switch on your AC while you are not in your home? Nowadays it is all possible only with the help of Artificial Intelligence(AI). AI is changing and ruling the world wonderfully and making it a better place to live. AI technologies are becoming more important as they enable human capabilities such as understanding, reasoning, planning, creating, communication, and perception to be undertaken by software increasingly efficiently, effectively, and at low cost.

Artificial Intelligence is a flexible service that can be applied to every sector to innovate faster new possibilities and efficiencies. It can form the basis for all computer learning and is the future of all complex decision making. So AI and its evolution of machine learning, deep learning are considered the foundational future of business decision making. It results in the increased demand for AI professionals and experts who can bring the change to an organization. So many people are dreaming to land a career in this dynamic domain and seeking an appropriate artificial intelligence course that can help them find a niche in their career. This article is about the types of artificial intelligence that can be used in our daily life in the form of various applications and gadgets. 

What is AI?

Artificial Intelligence is intelligence demonstrated by machines. It has grown to be very popular in today’s world. AI is known as the simulation of natural intelligence in machines that are programmed to mimic and learn the actions of humans. Basically AI is a wide-ranging branch of computer science that is concerned with creating smart machines capable of performing tasks that directly need human intelligence. We can see several examples in our daily life such as Robo-advisors, self-driving cars, email spam filters, Netflix’s recommendations, Siri, Alexa and other smart assistants, conversational bots, etc. So AI has become so important in our life that we can’t do our chores smoothly without it.

Artificial Intelligence can leverage machines and computers to mimic the decision-making and problem-solving capabilities of the human mind. AI is an engineering and science of making smart and intelligent machines along with specially designed intelligent computer programs. AI involves below mentioned approaches.

  • Human Approach- It involves systems that can think like humans, and systems that can act like humans.
  • Ideal Approach- It involves systems that think rationally, and systems that can act rationally. 

AI is known as a field that combines robust datasets and computer science to solve problems and make smart decisions. It focuses on three skills: learning, reasoning, and self-correction. It can acquire data and build rules for how to turn the data into actionable information. These rules are actually algorithms that offer computing devices with step-by-step instructions for how to complete a specific task. 

AI is a vast, advanced and innovative field. Let’s know about the different types of AI.

Types of AI

It is witnessed that AI is bringing a massive change in the world. So it is necessary to dive deeper into the types of Artificial Intelligence. Different types of goals and work will help to understand how technologies can effectively use AI that can make our life better in the future. The types of artificial intelligence can be categorized between Functionality and technology. This difference will help to consider how the system functions and what technology a system utilizes to perform them. 

Types of Artificial Intelligence (Functionality based)

  • Reactive Machines- These machines are known as beginners of the AI revolution. They are the most basic and oldest type of artificial intelligence. These machines are limited to focusing on current scenarios and can react only to the best possible action. These machines can not work through a memory base but they can reproduce the abilities of the human mind to respond to different types of simulations. Google’s AlphaGo and IBM’s Deep Blue system are examples of reactive machines.
  • Limited Memory- Limited memory machines are a little better version of reactive machines that can store past work or some data for a short and limited period of time. These machines were among the first types of AI that could learn through their experience. Self-driving cars can be a good example of a Limited Memory System. It can store only the recent speed of nearby cars, speed limit, distance of other cars, and other information to navigate the road. 
  • Theory of Mind- Ahead of the last two types of AI, the Theory of Mind is in its research and development phase. It could understand people, beliefs, human emotions, and be able to interact socially as humans do. The researchers and technologists are trying to make the machines understand humans better and learn from many factors that can influence their thinking process, yet these types of machines are not developed.
  • Self-Awareness- This type of AI is considered the future of Artificial Intelligence. These advanced machines will be super intelligent, will have sentiments, own consciousness, and self-awareness. But these are lesser-known types of AI machines that currently exist mainly as a theoretical idea. It is assumed that these machines will be smarter than the human mind and would be so developed at par with the human brain that they would possess an adequate amount of self-awareness and self-consciousness.  

Types of Artificial Intelligence (Technology/capability Based)

  • ANI (Artificial Narrow Intelligence)- It is the most widely used type of AI in the current digital era. It is able to perform a dedicated task with intelligence. It is also known as weak AI that cannot perform beyond its field and it is only programmed for one specific task as it functions under a predefined, limited set of constraints. 
  • AGI (Artificial General Intelligence)- It can relate to the theory of mind for functionality. General AI can perform any intellectual task with efficiency like a human on its own. The worldwide technologists are trying to develop machines with General AI as these systems are under research, and will take lots of time and effort to develop. 
  • ASI (Artificial Super Intelligence)- Super AI machines that could surpass human intelligence and can perform any task better than humans along with cognitive properties. Development in the field of Super AI would be a peak achievement in AI research. Its advanced features are rapid processing capabilities, sharp memory, and accelerated pace of intelligent decision-making would enable machines to perform difficult tasks that too in a shorter span of time. But Super AI is a hypothetical concept of Artificial Intelligence and the reality of these machines is still a world-changing task. 

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